How did monsoons affect Indian civilization?

How Monsoons Affected Life in Ancient India. Monsoons would bring much needed rain that farmers require for their crops in a hot climate. … Although providing water was a benefit of monsoons, they also could be detrimental when severe monsoons did massive damage to land and caused death.

Why is monsoon season important to Indian civilization?

The Monsoon rains in India also replenish reservoirs and groundwater that helps in improving irrigation and also boosts hydropower production. Moreover, a good Monsoon season can reduce demand for subsidized diesel used for pumping water from wells, ground, ponds or rivers for irrigation.

What role did monsoons play in the development of India?

What are monsoons? The wind that brings a rainy season. Monsoon winds facilitate trade across the Indian Ocean because they provided a predictable way for people to travel along the Indian Ocean Trade Network.

How did monsoons impact the Indus Valley civilization?

Many scholars now believe the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization was caused by climate change. The eastward shift of monsoons may have reduced the water supply, forcing the Harappans of the Indus River Valley to migrate and establish smaller villages and isolated farms.

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Why monsoons are important for our country?

The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of rice, wheat, sugarcane and oilseeds, such as soybeans. … Monsoon rains replenish reservoirs and groundwater, allowing better irrigation and more hydropower output.

What are the advantages of monsoons?


  • Monsoon rains give a good beneficiary for the farmers and agriculture.
  • The rainfall helps in storing water for irrigation, electric power and drinking.
  • A proper usage of monsoon leads to the prosperity for agriculture and everyone.
  • Specific crops-rice and tea-depend only on monsoon rainfall.

What are the positive and negative effects of monsoons?

Monsoons can have both negative and positive effects. Flooding caused by monsoon rains can destroy property and crops (SF Fig. … However, seasonal monsoon rains can also provide freshwater for drinking and crop irrigation.

How do monsoons affect people’s lives?

During summer monsoons, heavy rainfall can cause flooding. Powerful floodwaters can drown victims and damage buildings, leaving people without homes and vulnerable to the elements. During the 2014 summer monsoon in Pakistan and India, nearly 300 people lost their lives during landslides and home collapses.

Why do monsoons occur?

The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea. … This low pressure regions sees continuous rise of moist wind from the sea surface to the upper layers of the atmosphere, where the cooling means the air can no longer hold so much moisture resulting in precipitation.

What are the main causes of decline Indus Valley civilization?

The decline of Harappan culture has evoked the historians to find out its causes.

  • Law of Nature: …
  • Floods: …
  • Earthquakes: …
  • Change of the Course of the Indus: …
  • Plague: …
  • Foreign Invasion:
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What religion was the Indus Valley Civilization?

The Indus Valley religion is polytheistic and is made up of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. There are many seals to support the evidence of the Indus Valley Gods. Some seals show animals which resemble the two gods, Shiva and Rudra. Other seals depict a tree which the Indus Valley believed to be the tree of life.

What caused the fall of Indus Valley?

Many scholars believe that the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization was caused by climate change. … By 1800 BCE, the Indus Valley climate grew cooler and drier, and a tectonic event may have diverted or disrupted river systems, which were the lifelines of the Indus Valley Civilization.

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