The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India.
What European nation was the first to open up trade in the Indian Ocean?
The first to arrive in the East Indian Ocean were the Portuguese. The Portuguese sailed south past Africa and around the Cape of Good Hope and entered the Indian Ocean. Here they went so far as to fight a naval war with the Ottoman Empire in an attempt to guarantee their trade rights to the region.
Who dominated the Indian Ocean trade route?
But despite this diversity, for the most part, especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin, the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships, although we will see that in the 15th century, the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.
Was Europe involved in the Indian Ocean trade?
While the European corporate enterprises operating in Asia concentrated by and large on the inter- continental trade with Europe, the private European merchants participated in a substantial way in trade within the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea trading network.
Which was a major cause of European exploration?
There are three main reasons for European Exploration. Them being for the sake of their economy, religion and glory. They wanted to improve their economy for instance by acquiring more spices, gold, and better and faster trading routes. Also, they really believed in the need to spread their religion, Christianity.
What country had the most colonies?
Eight countries maintain them: Australia (6), Denmark (2), Netherlands (2), France (16), New Zealand (3), Norway (3), the United Kingdom (15), and the United States (14). See Territories, Colonies, and Dependencies for a list of the world’s colonies and what countries administrate them, p. 663.
When was Indian Ocean trade at its highest?
During the medieval era (400–1450 CE), trade flourished in the Indian Ocean basin.
How did Islam affect Indian Ocean trade?
During the Muslim period, in which the Muslims had dominated the trade across the Indian Ocean, the Gujaratis were bringing spices from the Moluccas as well as silk from China, in exchange for manufactured items such as textiles, and then selling them to the Egyptians and Arabs.
What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?
1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.
Which Indian Coast is best for marine trade with China?
According to the latest survey of 2019 the coasts are Mumbai port and JNPT(Jawaharlal Nehru port) which carries 70percent of Indian maritime trade with China and other countries.
What caused the Indian Ocean trade to grow?
Root Causes of Indian Ocean Trade
In fact, knowledge of monsoon winds (when they blew at what times) was huge in making Indian Ocean trade happen. Once sailors could utilize where the monsoons were blowing at what times, they could make those winds blow their sails to wherever they wanted to go!
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.