Among the Historic Indian Tribes occupying or claiming land in Ohio were the Shawnee Tribe, the Ojibwa Tribe (also called the Chippewa Tribe), the Delaware Tribe, the Wyandot Tribe, the Eel River Tribe, the Kaskaskia Tribe, the Iroquois Tribe, the Miami Tribe, the Munsee Tribe, the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe, the Ottawa Tribe …
What was the most common native American tribe in Ohio?
Tip. The six Indian tribes that became the most influential in Ohio’s history are the Shawnee, Delaware, Ottawa, Miami, Wyandot and Seneca-Cayuga.
How many Indian tribes were in Ohio?
There were eight prominent tribes comprising the Ohio Territory. The Chippewa and Ottawa came down from Ontario and the upper Great Lakes area. The Delaware were from the New Jersey and Delaware region.
What happened to Native Americans in Ohio?
In Ohio, the last of the prehistoric Indians, the Erie and the Fort Ancient people, were destroyed or driven away by the Iroquois about 1655. Some ethnologists believe the Shawnee descended from the Fort Ancient people. The Shawnees were wanderers, who lived in many places in the south.
What Indian tribes lived in Cleveland Ohio?
One of the first Indigenous peoples to live in what is now known as Cleveland were the Erie people. The Erie inhabited most of the southern shore of Lake Erie, and they were wiped out by a war with the Iroquois Confederacy in 1656. Erie survivors assimilated into neighboring tribes, especially the Seneca.
Are there any native Americans living in Ohio?
Many Native American descendants still living in Ohio today follow ancestry from these migrated tribes. The main migrated tribes include the Lenape (Delaware), Miami, Ottawa, Seneca and Wyandot. Several other tribes migrated in and out of Ohio, but these five represent the greatest share of the Indigenous population.
When did Indians come to Ohio?
Ohio’s original settlers were tribes of American Indians, who first arrived in the Ohio area during the Paleoindian Period (13,000 BC to 7,000 BC). As these tribes grew, their population became more concentrated in smaller areas.
What does the name Ohio mean?
Ohio got its name from the Iroquois word, “O-Y-O,” meaning “great river.” The Iroquois Indians had begun to settle between the Ohio River and Great Lakes by 1650, although it is estimated that only a few hundred lived in present-day Ohio during any one period.
Did Cherokee live in Ohio?
The 1838 forced 1,000-mile migration of more than 16,000 Cherokee claimed the lives of 4,000 to 6,000 tribe members. … The Indian Removal Act of 1830 also applied to tribes north of the Ohio River. In Ohio that included the Seneca, Delaware, Shawnee, Ottawa and Wyandot.
What did Native Americans call Ohio?
American Indians in Ohio. Did you know the name “Ohio” is an Iroquoian Indian word? It came from the Seneca name for the Ohio River, Ohiyo, which means “it is beautiful.” The Senecas were not the original inhabitants of Ohio, however.
Who first settled in Ohio?
On April 7, 1788, Ebenezer Sproat and a group of American pioneers to the Northwest Territory, led by Rufus Putnam, arrived at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum rivers to establish Marietta, Ohio as the first permanent American settlement in the Northwest Territory.