It was initiated in 1981 with the first Indian expedition to Antarctica. The program gained global acceptance with India’s signing of the Antarctic Treaty and subsequent construction of the Dakshin Gangotri Antarctic research base in 1983, superseded by the Maitri base from 1989.
What is name of the first Indian permanent research station at Antarctica?
The first trip comprised of a team of 21 scientists and support staff led by Dr SZ Qasim. After a humble beginning, the Indian Antarctic programme has now credited to have built three permanent research base stations in Antarctica—named Dakshin Gangotri, Maitri, and Bharati.
When was the first expedition to Antarctica?
Photograph by Olav Bjaaland. The first expedition to reach the geographic South Pole was led by the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen. He and four others arrived at the pole on 14 December 1911, five weeks ahead of a British party led by Robert Falcon Scott as part of the Terra Nova Expedition.
Which was the first Indian ship sent to Antarctica?
Thirthy-six years ago, on exactly this day, Indians set their first foot on Antarctic ice. An extremely important expedition in Indian history, it marks the beginning of over 30 more explorations of the Antarctic region carried out by the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research of India.
Does India own Antarctica?
India has been involved in the Antarctic since 1981, but its interest in the political status of the continent dates from the 1950s, when it first raised the “question of Antarctica.” Since the early 1980s, when it joined the Antarctic Treaty System, India has established two scientific bases: Dakshin Gangotri, …
What is the future of Antarctica?
Tourism, mining, fishing and bioprospecting are just four activities that could threaten the sustainability of Antarctica in the future. All of these interests have the potential to damage, change or destroy Antarctica and its surrounding oceans if not carefully controlled, managed or banned.
Is it illegal to go to Antarctica?
No, it is not illegal to go to Antarctica. As you already know by now, no country owns the continent. There is no border control, no immigration officer, no nothing. Anyone can visit the continent.
Has anyone been born in Antarctica?
Antarctica has no permanent residents. … At least 11 children have been born in Antarctica. The first was Emilio Marcos Palma, born on 7 January 1978 to Argentine parents at Esperanza, Hope Bay, near the tip of the Antarctic peninsula.
Who is the first woman to reach Antarctica?
Origins: Antarctica: People: Women In Antarctica (1) | Exploratorium. In 1935, Caroline Mikkelsen, wife of a Norwegian whaling captain, became the first known woman to set foot, briefly, in Antarctica—but not the first person.