What is the language policy of India after independence?
The Indian constitution, in 1950, declared Hindi in Devanagari script to be the official language of the union. Unless Parliament decided otherwise, the use of English for official purposes was to cease 15 years after the constitution came into effect, i.e., on 26 January 1965.
What was language policy of India after independence Class 10?
(ii) Language Policy : The Indian Constitution did not give the status of national language to any one of the languages. Though Hindi was identified as the optional language, but the central government has not imposed Hindi on states where people speak a different language.
What has been the language policy of India after independence explain in 5 points?
Language policy of India:Our Constitution did not give the status of national language to any one language. Hindi was identified as the official language. … Therefore, there were many safeguards to protect other languages. Besides Hindi, there are 21 other languages recognised as Scheduled Languages by the Constitution.
What was the language policy in India?
 It provides that in all government schools across India, there shall be three languages to be taught: English, as a mandate; Hindi, too, is compulsory, both in Hindi-speaking states and non-Hindi-speaking states; and finally, the third language is the local language of the region where the school is located.
Which is the oldest language in the world?
Seven oldest surviving languages in the world.
- Tamil: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 300 BC. …
- Sanskrit: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 2000 BC. …
- Greek: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 1500 BC. …
- Chinese: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 1250 BC.
Why India has no national language?
In 2010, a Gujarat court noted the false belief around India’s national language: “Normally, in India, majority of the people have accepted Hindi as a national language and many people speak Hindi and write in Devanagari script but there is nothing on record to suggest that any provision has been made or order issued …
How Federalism in India is made a success?
The most important tests for the success of Federalism were the creation of Linguistic States, Language Policy and Centre- State Relations. Under the State Reorganization Commission in 1956, the states were created on the basis of language.
What are the five key features of Federalism?
There are two or more levels of government. Different levels of government govern the same citizens, where each level has its own jurisdiction in specific matters of legislation, taxation and administration. Existence and authority of each level of government is constitutionally governed.
What is meant by 3 language formula?
The three-language formula sought to serve three functions namely, accomodating group identity, affirming national unity, and increasing administrative efficiency. In 1968, the three-language formula was implemented across the country, barring Tamil Nadu that adopted a two-language policy.
What safeguards have been taken to protect other languages?
A candidate in an examination conducted for the central government positions may take the examination in any of the languages. States also have their own official languages, and most of the government work takes place in the official language of the concerned state.
What is the importance of language policy?
It is critically important to develop language policies that ensure the access of minority populations to prestigious forms of national standard languages and literacies while supporting the intergenerational retention of minority languages, both indigenous and immigrant languages.