India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the five known commercial silks, namely, mulberry, tropical tasar, oak tasar, eri and muga, of which muga with its golden yellow glitter is unique and prerogative of India.
Where is silk industry in India?
The sericulture industry today employs over 700,000 farm families and is mostly concentrated in Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh and to some extent Assam and West Bengal. Karnataka accounts for more than 70 percent of the country’s total silk production.
What is silk industry in India?
silk industry in India is one of the largest generators of employment and foreign exchange for the country as sericulture activities spread across 52,360 villages. India enjoys a unique global position in terms of production of all commercially useful varieties of silk. India is the second largest producer of silk.
How many silk weaving mills are there in India?
There are about 100 silk textile mills in India, but it is popular as an handloom industry. 1. Karnataka is the largest silk producer, but it produces only mulberry silk. Main silk producing districts are Bangalore, Mysore, Kolar, Mandya, Tumkur, and Belgaum.
Which city belongs to silk industry?
The town of Kanchipuram is well known as Silk City because almost of its population is dependent upon the silk industry.
Which city is called Silk City in India?
Dharmavaram famous for the handloom weaving:
The city is known for its handloom silk sarees. The city is renowned for cotton, silk weaving industries and leather puppets.So this city is called as Silk city of Andhra pradesh.
What are the two types of silk?
What are the different types of silk
- Mulberry Silk. Mulberry Silk is the world’s favourite silk and accounts for around 90% of silk produced globally. …
- Spider Silk. …
- Sea Silk. …
- Tussar Silk. …
- Eri Silk. …
- Muga Silk (An Assam Silk) …
- Art Silk (Bamboo Silk)
What are the four types of silk?
In short, there are four types of natural silk produced around the world: Mulberry silk, Eri silk, Tasar silk and Muga silk.
Which country is famous for silk?
A few countries produce most of the world’s silk, although China dominates production, making nearly six times as much silk as India.
Who introduced silk in India?
In 1771, the Bengal Government obtained new silkworm breeds and varieties of mulberry from China. In 1772, the first filature was established in Murshidabad of West Bengal by the British. The Tiger of Mysore “Tippu Sultan” is the father of the Karnataka Silk industry.