What are the causes and effects of population growth in India?

The two main common causes leading to over population in India are: The birth rate is still higher than the death rate. … The fertility rate due to the population policies and other measures has been falling but even then it is much higher compared to other countries.

What are the causes of growth of population in India?

Some of the most important causes of population growth in India are as follows: 1. Widening Gap between Birth and Death Rates 2. Low Age at Marriage 3.

Other Causes.

  • Widening Gap between Birth and Death Rates: …
  • Low Age at Marriage: …
  • High Illiteracy: …
  • Religious Attitude towards Family Planning: …
  • Other Causes:

What are the causes and effects of population growth?

Poverty is believed to be the leading cause of overpopulation. A lack of educational resources, coupled with high death rates leading to higher birth rates, result in impoverished areas seeing large booms in population.

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What are the causes of population growth?

The Causes of Overpopulation

  • Falling Mortality Rate. The primary (and perhaps most obvious) cause of population growth is an imbalance between births and deaths. …
  • Underutilized Contraception. …
  • Lack of Female Education. …
  • Ecological Degradation. …
  • Increased Conflicts. …
  • Higher Risk of Disasters and Pandemics.

What are the effects of population in India?

The increasing population numbers and growing affluence have already resulted in rapid growth of energy production and consumption in India. The environmental effects like ground water and surface water contamination; air pollution and global warming are of growing concern owing to increasing consumption levels.

What is the biggest reason for overpopulation?

From this article, poverty is the biggest reason to cause the overpopulation, the lack of educational resources, combined with high mortality rates, which led to high birth rates, then led to a large increase in the population of poor areas.

Why is India so densely populated?

Thus, the population growth experienced in India can largely be explained by variations in birth and death rates. In 1900, India’s population was roughly 238 million. … Other reasons that have contributed to high birth rates are early marriages, lack of awareness, poverty and illiteracy, and illegal migration.

What are 4 factors that affect population growth?

Population growth is based on four fundamental factors: birth rate, death rate, immigration, and emigration.

What are the five factors that affect population?

Factors influencing population growth

  • Economic development. …
  • Education. …
  • Quality of children. …
  • Welfare payments/State pensions. …
  • Social and cultural factors. …
  • Availability of family planning. …
  • Female labour market participation. …
  • Death rates – Level of medical provision.
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What are the problems of increasing population?

Fatal Effects of Overpopulation

  • Depletion of Natural Resources. The effects of overpopulation are quite severe. …
  • Degradation of Environment. …
  • Conflicts and Wars. …
  • Rise in Unemployment. …
  • High Cost of Living. …
  • Pandemics and Epidemics. …
  • Malnutrition, Starvation and Famine. …
  • Water Shortage.

How can we prevent overpopulation?

5 possible solutions to overpopulation

  1. Empower women. Studies show that women with access to reproductive health services find it easier to break out of poverty, while those who work are more likely to use birth control. …
  2. Promote family planning. …
  3. Make education entertaining. …
  4. Government incentives. …
  5. 5) One-child legislation.

What are the 3 types of population growth?

And while every population pyramid is unique, most can be categorized into three prototypical shapes: expansive (young and growing), constrictive (elderly and shrinking), and stationary (little or no population growth). Let’s take a deeper dive into the trends these three shapes reveal about a population and its needs.

Why is Asia’s population so high?

According to the World Bank, the aging population and low fertility rates are to blame for the increase in population as 36 percent of the world’s population over 65 currently live in East Asia. The World Bank projects that the 211 million people living in East Asia will rise over time.

What are three consequences of overpopulation?

2 Population is growing rapidly, far outpacing the ability of our planet to support it, given current practices. Overpopulation is associated with negative environmental and economic outcomes ranging from the impacts of over-farming, deforestation, and water pollution to eutrophication and global warming.

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What is the main problem in Indian economy?

The primary economic issues in India are: Low per capita income. Huge dependence of population on agriculture. Heavy population pressure.

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