To build their houses, Archaic people leaned poles around a shallow depression that they dug into the ground. Then they covered the poles with brush and mud. Archaeologists often find fire hearths and storage pits both inside and outside Archaic houses. Some houses during the Archaic period were built in open areas.
What was the Archaic people lifestyle?
The primary characteristic of Archaic cultures is a change in subsistence and lifestyle; their Paleo-Indian predecessors were highly nomadic, specialized hunters and gatherers who relied on a few species of wild plants and game, but Archaic peoples lived in larger groups, were sedentary for part of the year, and …
What did the Paleo Indians houses look like?
Most Paleoindian houses were small, circular structures. They were made of poles that leaned in at the top, tipi-style. The poles were covered with brush, and the brush was covered with mud or animal hides. Animal hides probably covered the doorway, too.
What did the Archaic Indians grow?
They planted domesticated corn and squash seeds that they got from Archaic people who had moved to the region from southern Arizona. The earliest evidence of corn and squash near the Mesa Verde region dates from 1000 to 2000 B.C. Where did corn originally come from?
How did the Archaic Indians adapt to their environments?
Throughout the Archaic Period, people began to change or adapt their tools and lifestyles to better match the environment. … As a result, Archaic peoples began to rely less on hunting and more on foraging for seasonally available plants. This meant that they had to use a wider range of habitats.
How long was the Archaic period?
Archaic period, in history and archaeology, the earliest phases of a culture; the term is most frequently used by art historians to denote the period of artistic development in Greece from about 650 to 480 bc, the date of the Persian sack of Athens.
What did the Paleo-Indians leave behind?
Paleoindian people left behind distinctive spear points, such as the ones seen here, and other kinds of stone tools at Illinois camp sites. … Map of Asia and North America showing Beringia and the possible routes of Paleoindian people. The first people to live in North America came from Asia at least 14,000 years ago.
What happened to the Paleo-Indians?
Paleoindian Period 12,000-10,000 BC
They encountered and hunted many species of large, now extinct mammals. They felled these “megafauna” (named such due to the large size compared to modern beasts) with spears tipped with stone points.
Where did Paleo-Indians come from?
Paleo-Indians, the earliest ancestors of Native Americans, arrived in what is now Wisconsin during or after the retreat of the last continental glacier, about 12,000 years ago.
What were the Archaic Indians tools?
Typical ground stone tools from the Iowa Archaic include abraders, axes, manos and metates. Manos were stones used to grind seeds and nuts by crushing or rubbing them against a stone base called a metate. Flint and chert were worked into a variety of tools by chip- ping.
What do Archaic Indians wear?
They made clothing from the hides of animals, and wove plant fibers into baskets, mats, and robes. Most foods were boiled in water-tight baskets.
What were the archaic people like?
The Archaic people that called the Texas Panhandle home lived in an environment that was rich in various plants and animals. These people were active gatherers of various types of plant materials: seeds, roots, berries, and anything else that was edible.
What happened to Archaic Indians?
About 10,000 years ago, the earth began to warm up. The Ice Age came to an end. Animals and plants either adapted (or changed) to this new environment or became extinct (died out).
Did the Archaic people build mounds?
The Archaic period was followed by the Woodland period (circa 1000 BCE). Some well-understood examples are the Adena culture of Ohio, West Virginia, and parts of nearby states. … The Adena and Hopewell were not the only mound-building peoples during this time period.
How long ago did the woodland Indians live?
Rocker-Stamped Potsherds The Early Woodland lasted from about 3,000 years ago to about 1,000 years ago. The transition from the Late Archaic to the Early Woodland is marked by an increase in cultural developments that can be traced to the Middle and Late Archaic.